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What is Nephrology?

Nephrology is an internal medicine specialty that focuses on diagnosing and treating kidney disease. The bean-shaped organs, and kidneys are located on either side in retroperitoneal space. Kidneys are accountable for removing waste products and excessive fluids from the body. They are very crucial to retain fluid intake and maintaining the concentrations of electrolytes otherwise it can lead to various conditions.

The Nephrology department involves doctors who are called nephrologists. They are a type of doctor who specializes in treating kidney disease.

What does a nephrologist do?

A nephrologist is a medical expert having the expertise of diagnosing, treating, and managing acute and chronic kidney diseases. They treat issues that are linked to fluid retention, electrolyte, mineral imbalances, and high blood pressure. Additionally, a nephrologist is accountable for kidney dialysis treatment which includes haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.

What conditions are treated by a nephrologist?

Nephrologist work with the patient to diagnose and treat the below-mentioned conditions:

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Kidney cancer
  • Kidney infections
  • Interstitial nephritis or glomerulonephritis
  • Blood or protein in the urine
  • Kidney disease
  • Renal artery stenosis
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • End-stage kidney disease
  • Kidney failure


What are the tests ordered by nephrologists to diagnose kidney disease?

When a patient visits the nephrologist with complaints related to the kidney, they might order a variety of tests to interpret the results. A wide range of tests is ordered for assessing the kidney's functionality.

Blood tests

Here are the blood tests usually ordered to diagnose kidney disease:

  • Glomerular filtration rate- Helps to understand whether kidneys are filtering the blood or not.


  •  Serum creatinine- Assist the doctor to check creatinine levels and if there is kidney dysfunction


  • Blood urea nitrogen- It detects the presence of high levels of waste product in the blood


Urine tests

The doctor might order the following urine tests as well:

  • Urinalysis - To check the levels of pH and an abnormal amount of protein, bacteria, blood, or glucose.


  • Albumin/creatinine ratio - Measures the albumin protein amount in the urine. Detects kidney dysfunction.

What are the procedures involved to treat kidney disease?

The procedures involved by a nephrologist to treat the kidney disease are;

  • Kidney dialysis, including dialysis catheter placement.
  • Kidney biopsies
  • Kidney transplants


Why should you choose Rukmani Birla Hospital for the treatment of kidney disease?

Rukmani Birla Hospital is a multispecialty healthcare service in Jaipur. We are well-resourced with the latest and modern medical services delivering unparalleled patient care. We have combined a team of highly skilled and practiced expert doctors and other staff members in our hospital. They ensure the diagnosis of the condition so that the right treatment is offered to the patient. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, then get in touch with our healthcare professionals. You will discover the best treatment under the surveillance of our experts.


What is the difference between a urologist and a nephrologist?

Nephrologists are expert doctors who study renal functions and treat renal-related diseases while urologists specialize in treating urinary tract conditions and performing corrective surgery.

What diseases does a nephrologist treat?

A nephrologist specializes in treating kidney-related conditions and kidney failure.

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