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Home > Blogs > What is Polycystic kidney disease and its possible symptoms?

What is Polycystic kidney disease and its possible symptoms?

Posted on 06/22/2022 by RBH


Polycystic kidney disease is basically a high-rated disorder that causes a cyst in the Kidney that is filled with fluid. Polycystic kidney disease affects the function of the kidney, disrupting its natural tendency and eventually leading to kidney failure. Polycystic Kidney Disease is one of the major causes of Kidney failure all across the globe as it also affects the liver and causes damage in the liver that creates several complications. The cluster of cysts develops in the kidney causing enlargement of the kidney, swelling, severe pain, and loss of function over a period of time. Though these cysts are noncancerous and contain fluid still damage the kidney to a great extent; they might vary in size from small to large. Initially, the cyst is small but as the condition becomes serious it causes complications such as high blood pressure, and kidney failure exception but these complications can be prevented by simple lifestyle changes, treatment, and medications.

Possible Symptoms of Polycystic Kidney disease:

Initially, there are no symptoms but as the cyst grows in size and the condition becomes more serious then the symptom starts to appear. Some of the symptoms of Polycystic kidney disease include:

  • High blood pressure
  • Blood in urine
  • Kidney stones
  • Headache
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Kidney infection
  • Increased size of abdomen
  • Inflamed size of kidney
  • Pain while urination
  • Severe back pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Pale skin color
  • Easy bruising
  • Nail abnormalities
  • Joint pain
  • Frequent urination
  • Sudden weight loss

Cause:

There are several factors that are responsible for Polycystic kidney disease and abnormal genes or of them. People who have a family history of having Polycystic kidney disease usually have a greater risk of having it as the genetic mutation is spontaneous and it is passed on to the child through their parents as they have a copy of the mutated gene.

There are few complications that are associated with Polycystic kidney disease some of them are as follows:

High blood pressure is a common complication found and people who suffer from Polycystic kidney if it is left untreated then it might cause life-threatening conditions along with the risk of heart disease.

Chronic pain is a very common symptom that is faced by people suffering from Polycystic kidney disease, usually, it occurs in the side or the back but some people face pain while urinating due to an infection or kidney stone.

Kidney failure or loss of kidney function is another complication that occurs as it causes damage to the kidney. The kidney stops working and loses its ability to detoxify the blood as a result of the number of toxins building up in the body that causes life-threatening conditions.

Rukmani Birla Hospital is one of the top hospitals in Jaipur. We have a team of the best Kidney specialists in Jaipur who have years of experience in treating kidney diseases and performing kidney transplants in Jaipur. If you have any queries regarding Kidney Disease contact RBH for expert assistance and care.