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Common conditions that can affect prostate

Posted on 11/29/2021 by CMRI


The prostate gland is a male-specific organ that plays a vital role in reproduction. It is responsible for producing the seminal fluids, that not only nourish the sperm cells but also serve as a medium to ensure their healthy flow. Just like any other part of our body, the prostate gland can be affected by a number of diseases and ailments. We have discussed 3 such conditions in this blog, with the help of the top prostate specialist in Kolkata.

 

However, before starting, let's first try to understand the relationship between prostate disease and ageing. As per the top prostate specialist doctor in Kolkata, around 25 per cent of the male population above 55 years of age is struggling with prostate-related problems. Prostate diseases do not initially present with any major symptom and these start becoming evident gradually as the problem progresses. Age happens to be a major risk factor, however, it does not mean that people below 50 or 55 years of age cannot develop such problems. No matter what age group you belong to, it is always better to look out for the symptoms and seek immediate medical assistance if you experience any of the following:

  • Painful urination
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Traces of blood in the urine
  • Inability to empty the bladder completely
  • Difficulties related to urination such as trouble starting the flow of urine

 

There are three common conditions that can affect the prostate gland. These are:

 

Prostatitis

It is a condition marked by severe inflammation in the prostate gland, which is more likely to affect men lying in the age group of 30 to 50 years. Depending upon the underlying cause prostatitis is broadly classified into two types - bacterial prostatitis and nonbacterial prostatitis, also known as chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS). The former is triggered by bacterial infection, which may be acute or chronic, whereas non-bacterial prostatitis may be triggered by chemical reaction, abnormality in pelvic floor muscles, severe anxiety or nerve-related problems in the lower urinary tract. As you are not familiar with two different types of prostatitis, it is important to know that in most cases, the underlying cause may be unknown. Bacterial prostatitis can be effectively managed by the administration of antibiotic drugs. Non-bacterial prostatitis can be comparatively difficult to manage and may present with varied symptoms.

 

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

BPH is a condition marked by the non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland, which is more likely to affect men above 55 years of age. Being benign, the condition is not life-threatening however it may interfere with the quality of your life. As the gland increases in size, it puts pressure on the urethra, which in turn tends to become narrow. This causes obstruction which can hinder the free flow of urine from the bladder. The condition is commonly referred to as acute urinary retention. The problem is accompanied by pain and discomfort, which can be managed by the temporary insertion of a catheter into the urethra to allow the urine to flow out properly.

 

Prostate cancer

As the name clearly suggests, it is a condition marked by the abnormal growth and development of unhealthy cells in the prostate gland. The majority of men detected with the malignancy have been found to be above 50 years of age. Although the underlying cause of the problem is not known, it is believed to be a result of an unintended mutation in the DNA of the cells that affect their ability to grow normally. Initially, the cancer is localized, however, it can metastasize and spread to the rest of the body. Some forms of prostate cancer are more aggressive as compared to others.

 

To lower the risks of any such problems, it is important that you go for regular assessment screenings. This especially holds true for men in their 50s and 60s as they are comparatively more susceptible to prostate-related problems. Regular assessments are also important for people who have a family history of prostate disease. To know more about prostate disease, consult experts from the best hospital for prostate surgery in Kolkata, today.