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Who are generally the candidates of kidney stones, and what are the risk factors associated with it?

Home > Blogs > Who are generally the candidates of kidney stones, and what are the risk factors associated with it?

Who are generally the candidates of kidney stones, and what are the risk factors associated with it?

Posted on 05/05/2022 by RBH

Kidneys are bean-shaped that are present in pairs on either side of the spine, placed below the ribs and behind the belly. Generally, the size of the kidney is about 4 to 5 inches and the main function of kidneys is to filter the blood. Further, the kidney helps in the removal of waste, it helps in maintaining the fluid balance of the body, maintaining the electrolyte balance in the body, and removing toxins as well. The kidney also consists of millions of filters that are called nephrons that perform the work of purification of blood that helps in removing toxins.

Kidney stones are basically hard objects that are made up of solid mass or crystal that can be the size of a grain or about an inch. Usually, kidney stones cause a lot of pain especially while urinating as in some cases it gets trapped in the ureter that drains the urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder. In this, kind of situation becomes very critical as it causes a lot of pain and even bleeding in the worst cases. Generally, small kidney stones are unable to pass through the urine naturally but when the size of the kidney stone is large then it might require medications and proper treatment in order to get relief.


Who is likely to have kidney stones?

Kidney stones basically can occur to anybody at any point of time in their lives. Generally, it occurs due to bad eating habits and unhealthy practices. It is necessary to have the optimum amount of water is essential for the body to perform its vital functions. That is why people who don't drink enough water or liquid usually are candidates for kidney stones. Further, people who have a family history of kidney stones are also at a higher risk of having it. Furthermore, food that includes substances such as phosphate, high sodium, fructose, sucrose, meat, and poultry that forms kidney stones are also one of the few reasons for having kidney stones.

Also, according to various kidney stone doctors, there are certain medical conditions that increase the risk of developing kidney stones as it alters the level of electrolytes in the body. Medical conditions that increase the risk of having kidney stones include:

  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Hypertension
  • Hypercalciuria ( high calcium in urine)
  • Osteoporosis
  • Kidney cysts
  • Parathyroid disease
  • Intestinal surgeries
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Parathyroid disease



Kidney stones do not develop over a day, it takes years to develop. The person does not feel any kind of symptoms until it causes abdominal pain or has painful urine. Some of the symptoms might include.

  • Abdominal pain
  • Pain while urinating
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Cloudy or smelly urine
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Blood in urine
  • Frequent need to urinate

Rukmani Birla Hospital is one of the best hospitals in Jaipur. It has a specialized team of doctors and urologists that have years of experience in treating complicated cases. The state-of-the-art technology and advanced medical procedures make it one of the best and most suitable for kidney stone treatment in Jaipur.