Have you been experiencing weakness in muscles, tingling, vertigo, fatigue, or numbness? If yes, then these symptoms indicate that you are suffering from multiple sclerosis. It is a condition that affects the never fibers in the central nervous system. It can cause vision issues, weakness in the muscles, balance loss, or numbness over time. Various drug therapies can restrict nerve damage and slow down the development of this disease. In this condition, the immune system wrongly attacks healthy cells that are myelin. Myelin is a safe sheath surrounding nerves in the spinal cord and brain. Harm to this sheath interferes with nerve signals from the brain to other body parts. It causes damage to the spinal cord, eyes, and the brain.
If you suspect that you might have multiple sclerosis, then you must ensure gaining as much as information you can so that considering treatment on time becomes easier for you. In this blog, we will involve the discussion on this topic such as its symptoms, causes, and treatment. However, please note that it is for informational purposes and doesn’t interrupt the consultation of a doctor. You can book your appointment with Rukmani Birla Hospital, one of the best multispeciality hospitals in Jaipur delivering the best care to its patients.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, auto-immune disease that impacts the central nervous system of the body, particularly the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves in the eyes – producing a wide array of symptoms in the body. Symptoms and effects of the disease vary from person to person, making it hard to predict the progression of the disease in the body.
In multiple sclerosis, the immune system of the body starts attacking the healthy tissue – the myelin sheath – that surrounds and protects the fibers of the nerves and helps them conduct electric signals efficiently. When the sheath is mostly damaged or disappears, it causes inflammation and scars known as plaques or lesions that mainly affect the brain stem, cerebellum (movement and balance coordinator), spinal cord, optic nerves, and the white brain matter.
As the severity of the problem increase, more lesions develop creating higher chances of permanent nerve damage. This causes communication problems between the brain and the rest of the organs, causing severe symptoms as well as loss of certain body functions.
There is no cure for multiple sclerosis; however, timely identification can help ensure speedy recovery, modifying the course of the disease, reducing the intensity, and managing symptoms.
Since multiple sclerosis affects the central nervous system of the body that controls all body functioning; hence, the symptoms can be seen on any body part. In each case, symptoms will vary depending on the part of the body affected by multiple sclerosis. Some of the common symptoms to watch out for are:
A few other symptoms that might be rare but do exist:
Symptoms affect the general quality of life, as well as worsen to also impact the perception, thinking, and sensitivity to heat among affected people. However, each affected individual has a different experience. Some cases see subtle symptoms then no progression for a long period.
While some experience continuously worsening symptoms causing some complications; others might experience severe symptoms that tend to get better after a point of time. Here are some of the complications:
You must see a doctor when you experience any of the above complications due to unexplained reasons. Multiple sclerosis is often categorized by a relapse and remit disease duration which implies that there will be a period of new symptoms or relapse of symptoms over time despite being improved partially or completely. Oftentimes, these periods are followed by remission intervals that last for months or even years in some cases.
The exact cause of multiple sclerosis is not clear, it is an auto-immune disease that attacks the healthy tissue of the body destroying the fatty layer that coats and shields the nerve fibers of the brain and spinal cord. This makes the nerves more prone to damage causing problems. Though, the actual reason why multiple sclerosis affects some people and not others is vague. That said, some factors that increase the risk of the problem are:
Multiple sclerosis could be triggered due to one or a combination of risk factors. It can be diagnosed through a physical and neurological exam in addition to the analysis of symptoms. Further, brain and spinal cord MRIs, analysis of spinal fluid, or an evoked potential test can be used to confirm multiple sclerosis. Since, there is no defined treatment, only awareness, and timely diagnosis can help reduce the intensity of multiple sclerosis.
At present, there is no cure available for multiple sclerosis treatment. The treatment options available primarily emphasize symptom management, decreased, relapses, and slowing the growth of this condition. The comprehensive treatment plan for multiple sclerosis is:
Multiple sclerosis is a hazardous condition as it affects the central nervous system and can be emotionally challenging for any individual. It becomes too difficult to be mindful of the symptoms like inflammation, loss of balance, vision issues, muscle weakness, etc. There can be various neurological symptoms and this is why it is important to be aware of them so that timely treatment can be considered. There is no cure available for multiple sclerosis treatment. However, if you are diagnosed with this condition, it is recommended to get in touch with your doctor so that they can instruct you on the management of symptoms and can offer options that are suitable for your condition.
No, at present, there is no cure available for the treatment of multiple sclerosis.
Yes, multiple sclerosis is a fatal and life-threatening condition.
No, multiple sclerosis is not genetic directly, but people who are in relation suffering from this condition are more likely to develop this condition.