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Gastro Science | Posted on 05/11/2020 by RBH
Obesity is a condition in which the BMI (Body Mass Index) of a person is 30 or more, this is also dependent on the height of the person. A BMI of 30 or more is also an indication of several existing or impending health problems due to excess weight. Obesity is a stressful condition for many due to multiple factors including health risks, as well as social unacceptability.
Obesity can also be categorized per levels:
While diet and exercise might work effectively to reduce some weight, obesity is a condition that often demands a more strenuous solution, more so in cases where the level of obesity is 2 or 3. One such method to reduce the excessive weight is a Bariatric Surgery.
The aim of bariatric surgery is to reduce body fat by making changes in the digestive system of the body. This surgery is a type of metabolic procedure that claims to reduce more than 50% of excess weight during the initial 6 months after the surgery. In bariatric surgery, the doctor will modify the digestive system to limit the intake of food by making the stomach smaller; thus, making one feel fuller even after a small meal. It may also involve making changes in the small intestines to limit the absorption of nutrients and calories from food.
Bariatric surgery is the most sought-after method in cases where diet and exercise have failed to produce results and obesity has been causing very serious health complications such as:
Some common types of bariatric surgeries include:
Bariatric surgery can cause short-term and long-term effects.
Short-term risks include:
Long-term risks include:
Moreover, there are some additional risks that might incur post-bariatric surgery. These include:
Bariatric surgery can provide long-term weight loss, though the amount of weight lost depends on the type of surgery and the adherence of precautions and adaptation of lifestyle changes. On a good note, bariatric surgery can help lose half more or even more of excess weight over a span of two years after the surgery.
More so, loss of excessive weight also helps to improve or resolve various health conditions such as:
It also helps to improve the quality of life by making you more active and efficient in performing routine activities.
That said In India, where more than 140 million people are suffering from obesity and related health problems, bariatric surgery is a very attractive and effective solution or treatment for obesity. If taken proper care of, its risks are lower as compared to its advantages in cases where obesity has resulted in several chronic health problems.