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What is Epilepsy, its symptoms and treatment

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What is Epilepsy, its symptoms and treatment

Neurosciences | Posted on 06/27/2022 by Dr. Pushkar Gupta



What are Epilepsy, its symptoms, and its treatment?

Epilepsy is basically a neurological disorder in which the brain activity becomes abnormal that causes sensations, loss of awareness, seizures, and unusual behavior that affect people understanding of that time. Anyone can get affected by epilepsy respectable of this race, background, age, or sex. In order to help patients suffering from epilepsy it is necessary that one understand what epilepsy is and how one can manage its symptoms. Seizures are one of the most common and widely experienced symptoms of epilepsy. These features can occur at any time and may be triggered without provocation. The treatment is usually done with medication and it may require surgery in severe cases where the seizures are uncontrollable and there are different problems associated with it. People who experience seizures behave unusually as there is unusual electrical activity in the brain due to which their behavior gets altered.

Seizures can be characterized as non-epileptic seizures and provoked seizures.

In the case of nonepileptic seizures are usually caused due to psychological stress and issues and it is not associated with abnormal electrical activity in the brain. This type of seizure is also known as pseudoseizures which look like true seizures and it is difficult to identify it from normal seizures without an EEG reading.  This type of seizure requires psychiatric medications and psychotherapy.

A provoked seizure can occur due to any reason; generally, people experience it as a result of low blood sodium level low blood sugar level trauma due to alcohol or drug abuse, high fever, or due to behavior of a person. According to various Neurologist doctors, it is necessary to evaluate the reason that provokes, as different people have different provocative reasons.

Epilepsy Symptoms:

Since epilepsy is caused due to abnormal neural activity in the brain it can affect any process that is coordinated by the brain. The signs and symptoms of epilepsy vary from person to person, in severity and the part of the brain that is affected by it. Some of the warning signs might include:

  • Stiff muscles
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Temporary confusion
  • Uncontrollable legs, neck, and hand movements.
  • Psychological symptoms
  • Dizziness
  • Atraing blanky
  • Performing repetitive movements
  • Alteration in the sense of taste, smell, sight, hearing, or touch
  • Twitching of limbs

Risks factors:

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Meningitis
  • Mental disability
  • Alcohol and drug abuse
  • Brain tumor
  • Seizures
  • Abnormal brain structure at birth
  • Stroke
  • Premature birth weight
  • Family history of having seizures
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Alzheizmer's
  • Lack of oxygen at the time of birth
  • Sleep deprivation
  • Fatigue
  • Stress

Epilepsy Treatment:

The kind of treatment depends upon the condition of the patient, the severity, and the type of seizure they are experiencing. The best neurologists in India usually try to control electrical signals through drug therapy and use diet along with medications to have better results. Further, the cases where the medications and diet do not work in such cases surgery may be required.

Rukmani Birla Hospital is one of the best multispeciality hospitals in Jaipur which is also famous for its neurological department. We have a team of the best doctor in Jaipur who have years of experience in treating neurological diseases and disorders.