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Common Sleep Disorders that Affect Adults

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Common Sleep Disorders that Affect Adults

Pulmonology | by Dr. Raja Dhar | Published on 20/06/2022

Sleep disorders can impact your life and many different ways, which can be both psychological as well as physiological. The fact that you are not getting enough sleep at night is quite likely to affect your daily routine, making a difficult for you to indulge and normal day-to-day activities. But, it doesn't stop here. Sleep deprivation can drastically impact your mental health making you more prone to irritability and stress. Experts from the best sleep disorder treatment Hospital in Kolkata suggest that people who have pre-existing medical conditions can find it very difficult to manage the same if they are not getting enough sleep. So, It wouldn't be wrong to say that without sound sleep, the quality of your life will be seriously compromised.


Now, you must be wondering what are sleep disorders and how these affect your sleep cycle? We are here to help you understand the same. In this blog, we have explained some of the most common types of sleep disorders that affect adults, with the help of the best doctors in Kolkata.


Let's first try to understand what sleep disorders actually mean. Well, it is an umbrella term used for a wide spectrum of conditions that prevent you from getting a sound and restful sleep at night. You may either experience difficulty in falling asleep or wake up too often in the middle of the night. This can be quite frustrating as you spend all your nights tossing and turning in your bed, and your days yawing. It is important to understand that you may not necessarily experience the problem every single night and it can be occasional. It is quite possible that you had a sound sleep the night before but can't fall asleep the day after.


Sleep specialists from the best hospital in Kolkata suggest that on average every adult needs around 7 to 9 hours of sleep. Not meeting your daily sleeping goals can make you feel tired and lethargic during the day. You can find it very difficult to make simple decisions and your performance at work will take a downhill road.

Here is a list of some common sleep disorders that you should know about:

Insomnia - It is one of the most common sleep disorders marked by the inability to fall or stay asleep at night. You may either fall asleep too late or wake up too early and then find it difficult to go back to sleep. There can be a variety of different reasons that may be responsible for your insomnia and stress happens to be the most common of them. Other common factors that meet trigger Insomnia include poor eating habits, underlying psychological disorders, physiological illnesses or the use of certain medications. The problem can be hereditary and may prove to be fatal as it makes one more prone to alcohol abuse and also increases the risk of having accidents.

Sleep apnea - It is a serious sleep disorder marked by repetitive halts in breathing while you are fast asleep at night. A person suffering from the condition is likely to snore very loudly and wake up gasping for oxygen at night. Sleep apnea is broadly classified into three different types - obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea, and complex sleep apnea syndrome. The lyrics of sleep apnea are higher in people who are obese and have thicker necks or narrowed airways. Neglecting the problem for too long can result in serious complications, which means you need to go for immediate medical intervention if you have been experiencing the symptoms.

Narcolepsy - It is a chronic sleep disorder in which you experience an uncontrollable urge to sleep during the daytime or may even have sudden attacks of sleep. The problem is characterized by 5 main symptoms that are collectively referred to as CHESS. C stands for cataplexy, H for hallucinations, E for excessive daytime sleepiness, S for sleep paralysis, and the other S for sleep disruption. It is important to understand that a person suffering from the condition may not necessarily experience all five symptoms together and you may even experience one or two of these. What is important is to go for a proper medical evaluation to confirm the diagnosis and start your treatment accordingly.

Restless leg syndrome - Have you ever felt an uncontrollable urge to shake or repetitively move your legs while you are in bed? If yes, it could be restless leg syndrome. Wondering what it means? It is a nervous system disorder that gives rise to a strange sensation in your legs, followed by intense and irresistible earth to move your legs. The condition may range from Mile To severe depending upon the symptoms and their severity. You will be surprised to know that one out of 10 people experience the problem at least once in their lifetime and you could be one of them too.

If you have been experiencing any difficulty in maintaining a healthy sleep cycle, it is important to see a specialist and get yourself evaluated at the earliest. Early detection and proper treatment can help you to get your sleep routine back on track.