Enquire now
Enquire NowCall Back Whatsapp


Pulmonary Hypertension

What is pulmonary hypertension?

Pulmonary hypertension is a life-threatening disease that worsens with time, but taking timely treatment can prevent its symptoms and patients can lead a better life. Having this condition means that the patient has high blood pressure in the arteries that pass through the heart to the lungs. Pulmonary hypertension is not the same as regular high blood pressure. Due to this condition, the tiny arteries in the lungs become blocked or narrow. It also causes problems in the passage of blood through the arteries, due to which the blood pressure in the lungs increases. The heart has to work very hard to pump blood and after some time the muscles of the heart get tired. Because of all this, the chances of heart failure increase.

Types of pulmonary hypertension

There are five types of pulmonary hypertension which include:

  • Group 1 PH due to pulmonary artery hypertension
  • Group 2 PH due to left-sided heart disease
  • Group 3 PH because of lung disease or hypoxia
  • Group 4 PH because of lungs blockage
  • Group 5 PH due to other disorders such as blood and metabolic disorders

Pulmonary hypertension symptoms

The pulmonary hypertension symptoms are noticeable after they become worse. Here are the most common symptoms:

  • Fatigue
  • Fainting
  • Dizziness
  • Rapid pulse
  • Heart palpitations
  • Ankles or legs swelling
  • Chest pain or pressure

Pulmonary hypertension causes

There are various pulmonary hypertension causes, but some potential conditions are primarily associated with developing PAH. Here are some of them:

Pulmonary hypertension diagnosis

There are numbers of tests that doctors might order for pulmonary hypertension diagnosis and they are:

  • Electrocardiogram
  • Echocardiogram
  • Chest X-ray
  • CT scan
  • Right heart catheterization
  • Pulmonary function tests
  • Blood tests

Pulmonary hypertension treatment

At present, there is no cure available for pulmonary hypertension treatment, but there are some medical treatment options doctors involve to eliminate the risk of complications. Here are these options:

  • Medications- To manage PAH condition, usually, doctors recommend medications like anticoagulants, prostacyclin therapy, soluble guanylate, endothelin receptor antagonists, etc.
  • Surgery- Depending on the condition, the doctor might recommend surgery. The surgical treatment options are atrial septostomy, or lung or heart transplant.
  • Lifestyle changes- Certain lifestyle changes are also recommended which include eating a healthy diet, quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, regularly exercising, limiting alcohol intake, etc.

Why should you choose BM Birla Heart Research Centre pulmonary hypertension treatment?

BM Birla Heart Research Centre is the only cardiac healthcare service located in the eastern region. We have a team of cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, and other department healthcare professionals like pulmonologists, etc. who hold years of experience in their field. We have ensured the integration of the latest and advanced technological equipment to ensure the best patient care. If you observe any symptoms related to pulmonary hypertension, consult our expert pulmonologists. They will ensure diagnosing, managing, and treating the condition by offering you treatment that is right for you.


Can sleep apnoea cause pulmonary hypertension?

Yes, sleep apnoea is identified to be one of the causes of pulmonary hypertension as it increases the hydrostatic mechanism in the left atrial pressure.

How serious is pulmonary hypertension?

It is a serious condition as it causes damage to the heart muscle, and makes the heart muscle inefficient to pump blood and oxygen throughout the body.

How to treat pulmonary hypertension?

The pulmonary hypertension condition is not curable, however, treatment options are available to manage the symptoms. It includes medications, surgery, and certain lifestyle changes like eating healthy, quitting smoking, exercising regularly, etc.


Uploading soon

BMB Health Blogs