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Robotic Surgery in Gynecology: Traditional vs High Precision Approach

Home > Blogs > Robotic Surgery in Gynecology: Traditional vs High Precision Approach

Robotic Surgery in Gynecology: Traditional vs High Precision Approach

Robotic Surgery | Posted on 12/04/2023 by RBH


The gynecological field has seen outstanding advancements in the last few years. One of the innovation emergences is robotic surgery. Conventionally, surgical procedures in gynecology involve larger incisions, extended recovery times, and enhanced risk for patients. However, the emergence of robotic surgery has shifted the view by offering benefits like high-precision modifying the way gynecological procedures are performed. The gynecology field has witnessed a remarkable revolution with robotic surgery and combining the experience of skilled precision.

If you are recommended for gynecological surgery, you can book your appointment with Rukmani Birla Hospital in Jaipur. It is the first private multispeciality hospital that has integrated robotic technology to perform surgeries. You will find the most skilled healthcare professionals and surgeons here.

In this blog, we will explore some aspects linked to traditional gynecological surgery and the precision approach offered by robotic systems. We will discuss the benefits and probable risks of each method, recovery times, etc. for female’s health. You will obtain valuable information regarding this new technology in the gynecological field and its impact on women’s health.

Please note that the information is research-based and we do not encourage overlooking the doctor’s consultation in any way.

Robotic surgery- An overview

Robotic surgery, also referred to as robot-assisted surgery, is a minimally invasive surgery that involves the use of a robot system to perform surgical procedures. It allows surgeons to perform surgeries with complete precision and controlled operations. The technology helps increase the efficiency of surgeons, allowing them greater visualization, dexterity, and accuracy during surgery. This evolving technology is being used in several clinical areas such as general surgery, gynecology, and more. Several common procedures are performed with this technology such as hysterectomies, colorectal surgeries, etc. However, it is vital to know that robotic surgery success relies on the expertise of a surgeon and experience with the use of this advanced system. This advanced technology is being adopted by the medical field rapidly. Still, it is essential to know and discuss the options and probable benefits or risks when planning for robotic surgery.

What are the benefits of Robotic surgery in gynecology?

The gynecology sphere has certainly witnessed a significant amount of advancement with robotic technology that offers several advantages for both surgeons and patients. Here are some of the gynecological benefits offered by robotic surgery:

  • With a robotic system, the surgeon gets the benefit of precision and dexterity when compared to traditional surgery. Surgeons can perform any gynecological procedure with precise movements, particularly if the case is complex or delicate. 
  • Surgeons can perform gynecological surgeries with a better view of the operation area as the robotic system provides 3D high-definition images. 
  • Gynecology surgeries can be performed with smaller incisions as the robotic surgery is minimally invasive which means quicker recovery time.
  • Robotic surgery helps minimize blood loss during the procedure through precision and cauterization efficiencies, lowering the blood transfusion requirement. 
  • A shorter hospital stay is also one of the benefits offered by robotic technology. It assists in quicker recovery and less healthcare costs.
  • Smaller incisions in robotic surgeries also lead to a reduced risk of infection because of no exposure to the external environment. 
  • Gynecological surgeries can be painful and might be discomforting for some patients. However, with robotic surgery, patients usually don’t experience pain and discomfort during the recovery period after surgery. 
  • Robotic gynecological surgery offers quick recovery for patients as it doesn’t involve any sort of tissue damage or trauma.
  • Gynecologists can perform intricate and difficult procedures smoothly with robotic surgery like uterine fibroids removal, uterus removal, endometriosis excision, and repairing pelvic organ prolapse efficiently. 
  • Robotic surgery offers the benefit of reducing fatigue during lengthy gynecological surgeries enhancing the quality of the procedure.

What are the common Gynecological conditions treated with Robotic Surgery?

Robotic surgery is widely becoming popular in the gynecological field for the treatment of several conditions. It helps in treating the following gynecological conditions:

  • Uterus removal (Hysterectomy)- Robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy is involved in uterus removal for specific reasons like fibroids, cancer, and other gynecological conditions.
  • Uterine fibroids- By involving robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy or myomectomy, fibroids can be treated. Robotic surgery helps reduce scarring and postoperative pain.
  • Endometriosis- Robotic surgery helps exercise endometriosis lesions and alleviate pain including improving fertility for females with endometriosis.
  • Ovarian cysts- Robotic surgery assists surgeons in removing large or complex ovarian cysts and preserving ovaries when possible. 
  • Pelvic prolapse- Robotic-assisted Sacrocolpopexy assists in supporting the pelvic organ. It is used to treat pelvic prolapse. 
  • Gynecological cancers- Robotic surgery is employed to treat gynecological cancers such as cervical, ovarian, and endometrial cancers. 
  • Tubal ligation reversal- Using a robotic system involves tubal ligation reversal to revive fertility. 
  • Reproductive surgery- Robotic surgery helps in treating conditions to improve fertility with myomectomy for fibroids removal or tubal reanatomosis.

Difference between Traditional v/s Robotic gynecological surgery

Traditional and robotic gynecological surgery both are unique approaches and have their benefits and risks. Here are some of the primary differences between these two:

  • Surgical approach- Traditional surgery is performed by involving open surgeries with larger incisions, while robotic surgery is performed by making smaller incisions.
  • Instruments and technology- In traditional surgery, the surgeon performs the procedure by using handheld instruments having physical touch with the patient's body. On the other hand, robotic gynecological surgery is performed with miniature instruments and a high-definition camera. A surgical robot is utilized to perform the surgery by a surgeon sitting at a console in the operating room.
  • Scarring- In traditional surgery, the surgeon makes a larger incision that results in evident scars whereas robotic surgery is performed by making smaller incisions with less noticeable scars. 
  • Recovery- In traditional surgery, the recovery time might be longer than in robotic surgery. Patients also experience pain and discomfort after open surgery. Since robotic surgery is minimally invasive, recovery time is less and there is no pain or discomfort after surgery. 
  • Precision and maneuverability- In traditional surgery, surgeons are responsible for dexterity, precision, and skill. On the other hand, surgeons can depend on the robotic system to achieve precision, stability, and motion range. 
  • 3D visualization- Traditional surgery involves a 2D imaging system whereas in robotic surgery, surgeons get a clear view of the surgical site through 3D high-definition images.


Robotic-assisted gynecology surgery or robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery is one of the latest advancements in the surgical field. It offers many benefits and has proved to be one of the successful advancements in the medical field. However, one must understand the benefits and possible risks of robotic surgery. You can work with your doctor and comprehend the safety and probability of success with robotic surgery. It is important to note that success depends on various factors such as the patient’s condition, the surgeon’s skill, and the use of equipment. 



How safe is robot-assisted surgery?

Robotic surgery is minimally invasive surgery which makes it one of the most effective and safest surgeries.

How is robot-assisted surgery different from open surgery and laparoscopy?

Robotic surgery involves smaller incisions, quicker recovery, and fewer hospital stays than open surgery. 

Does robot-assisted surgery eliminate the need for a real surgeon?

No, robots cannot eliminate the need for a real surgeon. Robots are involved to achieve more precision, less pain, minimal blood loss, and quick recovery. 

Could I be a candidate for robot-assisted surgery?

You can be an ideal candidate for robotic surgery if you have not responded to traditional therapies well. However, it is important to consult your doctor and gain more insight into whether you can go for this surgery type or not.