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Heart transplant, a life-saving procedure, replaces a failing heart with a healthy one. Complications such as heart failure, coronary artery disease, and congenital heart defects can necessitate this intricate surgical intervention.

If you're considering a heart transplant, reach out to us, or book a direct appointment with our cardiologist. At the Calcutta Medical Research Institute in Kolkata, we are dedicated to ensuring that your heart transplant is as safe, comfortable, and effective as possible. We're here to guide you every step of the way towards a successful recovery.

What are the risks if a heart transplant is not done timely and properly? 

Without timely and proper heart transplant intervention, individuals face dire consequences:

  • Heart Failure: As the heart's ability to pump blood weakens, heart failure ensues, leading to fluid buildup in the lungs and other organs.
  • Decreased Quality of Life: Diminished heart function severely impacts daily activities, reducing quality of life and causing debilitating symptoms like fatigue and shortness of breath.
  • Increased Mortality Risk: Untreated heart conditions significantly elevate the risk of premature death, particularly in cases of severe cardiac dysfunction.
  • Complications: Progressive heart failure can trigger complications such as arrhythmias, blood clots, and organ damage, further exacerbating health issues.
  • Diminished Functional Capacity: The deteriorating heart function severely limits physical activity, often confining individuals to a sedentary lifestyle and exacerbating the decline in overall health.

Timely and proper heart transplant intervention is essential to mitigate these risks and improve the prognosis for individuals with severe heart disease.

What are the types of heart transplant? 

Heart transplants can be broadly categorised into two types:

Orthotopic Heart Transplant (OHT)

  • In an OHT, the diseased heart is removed from the patient's chest, and a healthy donor heart is transplanted into the same location.
  • The recipient's own heart is typically not removed, but rather the donor heart is implanted adjacent to it, connected to the recipient's major blood vessels.
  • This is the most common type of heart transplant procedure.

Heterotopic Heart Transplant (HHT)

  • HHT involves implanting the donor heart alongside the recipient's failing heart rather than replacing it entirely.
  • Both hearts remain in the recipient's chest, with the donor heart typically connected to the recipient's native heart's blood vessels.
  • This type of transplant is less common and is usually considered in cases where removing the recipient's heart presents significant risks or challenges.

Heart transplants aim to restore cardiac function and improve quality of life, with approaches varying based on medical conditions.

What is the average cost of a heart transplant?

The cost of a heart transplant varies as per the specific type advised by a healthcare provider, such as:

  • Orthotopic Heart Transplant (OHT)
  • Heterotopic Heart Transplant (HHT)

The cost can also vary widely depending on several factors, including the location, the extent of the procedure, the surgeon's experience, and the hospital's pricing structure.

To get an explicit estimate for the cost of a heart transplant at the Calcutta Medical Research Institute in Kolkata, contact the hospital directly. Additionally, you can consult with our board-certified cardiologist to discuss your specific needs and receive a personalised quote for the procedure.

What is the diagnosis before a heart transplant?

Before a heart transplant, thorough evaluations include:

  • Medical History Review: Assess past cardiac conditions, surgeries, and treatments.
  • Physical Exams: Evaluate current cardiac function and overall health status.
  • Cardiac Tests: Conduct echocardiography, electrocardiography (ECG), and stress tests.
  • Blood Tests: Assess organ function, detect infections, and identify underlying conditions.
  • Imaging Studies: Perform MRI or CT scans to assess heart structure and function.

Additionally, psychological and social assessments:

  • Gauge mental health, coping mechanisms, and readiness.
  • Evaluate social support, living situation, and adherence capabilities.

Based on these evaluations, patients may be listed for transplantation, prioritised by illness severity and other factors.

What are the pre-treatment/surgery instructions for a heart transplant?

Pre-treatment instructions for a heart transplant aim to optimise the patient's health and prepare them for surgery:

  • Medication Management: Follow prescribed medications strictly, adjusting dosages as directed.
  • Dietary Guidelines: Adhere to a heart-healthy diet low in sodium and saturated fats to optimise cardiovascular health.
  • Exercise Routine: Maintain a regular exercise regimen to enhance cardiovascular fitness and overall well-being.
  • Smoking Cessation: Quit smoking to reduce the risk of complications during and after surgery.
  • Alcohol Avoidance: Limit or abstain from alcohol consumption to promote liver health and prevent interactions with medications.
  • Weight Management: Maintain a healthy weight to reduce strain on the heart and improve surgical outcomes.
  • Psychological Support: Seek counselling or support groups to address anxiety or emotional concerns related to the transplant process.

Following these instructions diligently can enhance the patient's readiness for surgery and contribute to successful outcomes post-transplant.

What are the post-surgery instructions for a heart transplant?

After a heart transplant, adherence to post-surgery instructions is crucial for recovery:

  • Medication Regimen: Follow the prescribed medication schedule meticulously, including immunosuppressants to prevent rejection.
  • Monitoring Vital Signs: Regularly monitor blood pressure, heart rate, and temperature, reporting any abnormalities promptly.
  • Dietary Restrictions: Adhere to dietary guidelines, maintaining a heart-healthy, low-sodium diet to support cardiovascular health.
  • Exercise Program: Gradually incorporate physical activity as advised by healthcare providers to improve strength and endurance.
  • Wound Care: Keep surgical incisions clean and dry, following healthcare provider instructions for dressing changes.
  • Infection Prevention: Practise good hygiene and avoid exposure to sick individuals to reduce infection risk.
  • Regular Follow-up: Attend all scheduled follow-up appointments for monitoring and adjustments to the treatment plan.

By adhering to these instructions, patients can optimise their recovery and long-term outcomes after heart transplantation.

How do you recover after a heart transplant?

Recovery after a heart transplant involves a combination of medical management, lifestyle modifications, and ongoing support:

  • Medication Adherence: Strictly follow prescribed medications, including immunosuppressants, to prevent rejection and manage other health conditions.
  • Physical Rehabilitation: Gradually engage in supervised exercise programs to improve cardiovascular fitness and overall strength.
  • Dietary Changes: Adhere to a heart-healthy diet low in sodium and saturated fats to support heart function and prevent complications.
  • Psychological Support: Seek counselling or join support groups to address emotional challenges and coping strategies post-transplant.
  • Regular Monitoring: Attend frequent follow-up appointments for medical assessments, monitoring vital signs, and adjusting treatment plans as needed.

By prioritising medication adherence, adopting a healthy lifestyle, and accessing appropriate support networks, individuals can optimise their recovery and long-term outcomes following a heart transplant.

Where to find the best doctor for a heart transplant in Kolkata?

Conducting thorough research and considering various factors is crucial when searching for the best doctor to perform a heart transplant in Kolkata. Here are steps to guide you in finding a reliable and excellent hospital for this procedure:

  • Begin by researching heart transplant options and reputable hospitals in Kolkata.
  • Seek recommendations from acquaintances, family, healthcare professionals, or colleagues.
  • Verify the hospital's accreditation and reputation for providing exceptional heart transplant.
  • Review the range of treatment options available at the facility.
  • Consider selecting a hospital that employs a multidisciplinary approach to heart transplant patient care.
  • Evaluate the centre's equipment, facilities, and technological advancements.
  • Read online testimonials and reviews about the top heart transplant specialists in Kolkata to gain insight into the quality of medical services offered.

Why should you choose The BM Birla Heart Hospital for heart transplant?

The BM Birla Heart Hospital is one of the largest multispecialty hospitals in Kolkata. Our hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology which has revolutionised the healthcare industry for the best surgical outcomes. In addition, our hospital has several eminent physicians, surgeons, and healthcare providers of national and international repute for comprehensive and personalised treatment. BMB provides patient-centric care and empathy from internationally trained nurses to ensure holistic care for patients seeking an effective heart transplant. Here are a few advantages of choosing BMB if you are looking for the best hospital for treatment costs for a heart transplant in Kolkata: 

  • Highly qualified and experienced surgeons
  • 440-bed capacity along with cutting-edge technology and the latest medical equipment
  • Hygienic and patient-friendly infrastructure
  • Screening and diagnosis
  • Transparent Pricing Structure for cost-effective treatment
  • Patient-centric high-quality care for a high success rate
  • Pain management and palliative care
  • Complete and coordinated care for patients

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a heart transplant?

Who needs a heart transplant?

How do you become eligible for a heart transplant?

What is the lifespan expectancy after a heart transplant?