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Infertility is a condition when a couple is unable to conceive trying to get pregnant naturally for more than a year. This condition occurs due to a problem with their reproductive system. According to a healthcare expert, a couple is considered infertile if they fail to achieve pregnancy within one year of trying.
It is found in a study that one out of six married couples in the world experiencing fertility problems aren’t able to achieve parenthood at present. The study also reflects that the rate of infertility cases is increasing at a rapid rate. Infertility doesn’t essentially mean that a male or a female is sterile and can never have babies. Half of the couples eventually achieve pregnancy either naturally or with medical assistance.
There are several fertility treatments available nowadays such as In-vitro fertilisation (IVF), Intrauterine insemination (IUI), medical treatment for lack of regular ovulation, etc. There are surgical procedures as well to treat different conditions like endometriosis and blockage in the fallopian tubes. It is recommended not to delay the treatment as for women above 35 years of age, chances of achieving pregnancy become very less and for men above the age of 50 treatments don’t work.
The types of infertility are:
The primary symptom of infertility is being able to conceive. There might not be evident symptoms. Sometimes, women can experience irregular or absent periods if they have an infertility condition, whereas, men can have hormonal issues, changes in hair growth, changes in sexual functions, etc. Infertility symptoms for both men and women are different.
The symptoms of infertility in females are:
The symptoms of infertility in men are:
Infertility causes affect one or both partners and sometimes, when no causes are found then it is known as unexplained infertility
Here are the causes of male infertility:
The causes of female infertility are:
If any individual or a couple have been trying to get pregnant and haven’t seen any results within a year, then it is better to consult a doctor. The doctor will perform certain tests to assess the fertility of both partners. The infertility diagnosis for a man and a female is different.
Men must plan to see a healthcare professional after one year of trying to conceive or if any of the following problems are observed:
The doctor will understand the clinical history first and will ask about the sexual history, factors that could affect fertility, and the overall health of a male. A physical examination will be performed to check the genitals for any structural anomalies or lumps.
A semen analysis will be done and the doctor will ask a male to provide a semen sample. It is tested in a laboratory to see the number of sperms present and their shape. The doctor may want to perform more tests depending on the initial exam results and semen analysis. These tests are genetic testing, genetic ultrasound, and hormone testing.
Women who are above 35 and have been trying to achieve pregnancy for more than a year must visit a doctor. Fertility in females begins to decline after the age of 30. It is important to diagnose the condition for timely treatment. The doctor will ask about the clinical history, present health state, sexual history, and diseases that could contribute to infertility. To check anomalies like fibroids, endometriosis, and pelvic inflammatory disease, the doctor will perform a pelvic area examination.
The doctor will order blood tests to know if a female is ovulating every month. An ultrasound test is also recommended for examining the uterus and ovaries. There are other tests recommended for female infertility diagnosis:
Infertility treatment depends on different factors which involve:
It is essential to know that there are certain infertility causes which can’t be corrected. In certain cases, where natural pregnancy doesn’t occur, couples can still conceive often through assisted reproductive technology. One should also be prepared for infertility treatment as it comprises significant commitments such as physical, financial, psychological, and time.
Male infertility treatment generally includes general sexual issues or a lack of healthy sperm. Here are the treatment options for male infertility:
The treatment options for female infertility are:
There are various assisted reproductive technology treatment options for infertility. It includes:
Rukmani Birla Hospital, Jaipur is a multispecialty hospital delivering healthcare services to its patients for years now. Our patient care is unmatchable and the services we offer are economical for every patient. We make sure that our services are accessible to everyone and that no one has to face problems while reaching us. With our latest and up-to-date advanced medical technology, we offer a reliable and smooth patient experience.
If you have been trying to get pregnant for more than a year and aren’t seeing any results, make sure to consult our expert fertility doctors. They will guarantee an appropriate infertility diagnosis and give you treatment depending on the symptoms you are experiencing. Here is why you must pick us for infertility treatment:
If you want to prevent infertility condition, then follow these tips:
Infertility has become a worldwide health issue these days. It affects millions of people of reproductive age across the globe. According to a study, it is found that more than 48 million couples and 186 million individuals globally have infertility issues.
If infertility is left untreated and conception doesn’t occur, it can cause issues like stress, anxiety and depression. There can be physical effects also which include ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) among females, ectopic pregnancy, and multiple pregnancies. Hence, one shouldn’t delay the treatment and must consult the specialist as soon as possible.
Congenital heart diseases are heart defects that exist since birth, which means the child is born with the heart defect.
Cardiovascular diseases can be defined as conditions that affect the heart or the blood vessels. It affects the structure and function of the heart.
Congenital heart disease refers to a heart condition that is caused by birth. Any child who is born with heart disease suffers from congenital heart disease.