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Metabolic Disorders

What is a metabolic disorder?

A metabolic disorder is when something is not right with the metabolic function of the body. It means that the body is unable to convert food into energy and get rid of waste. A metabolic disorder is a group of conditions that happen together, increasing the risk of stroke, type 2 diabetes, heart diseases, high blood sugar, increased blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol levels. Having any of these conditions doesn’t mean, it is an indication of metabolic syndrome, it simply means that an individual is at a high risk of serious disease. Metabolic disorders are one of the most common conditions and can be treated with simple lifestyle changes.

Common metabolic disorders

The common metabolic disorders are:

  • Diabetes- It is among the most common disorders and has two types which are type 1 and type 2. Type 1 causes are not known, however, genetic factors are identified to be the reason. The primary cause of type 2 diabetes is genetic which can be passed down to generations
  • Glucose galactose malabsorption- It is a shortcoming in the glucose and galactose transport all over the stomach lining. It causes diarrhoea and dehydration. The symptoms are usually controlled by eliminating glucose, sucrose, and lactose from the diet
  • Hereditary hemochromatosis- In this condition, too much iron is deposited in various organs causing issues like diabetes, heart disease, liver cancer, and liver cirrhosis
  • Maple syrup urine disease- This condition disturbs the metabolism of some amino acids. It causes rapid neuron degeneration. It is a life-threatening condition and if left untreated, it causes death within a few months after the child is born
  • Phenylketonuria- This condition causes inefficiency to produce phenylalanine hydroxylase which results in organ harm, abnormal posture, and mental retardation. It can be treated by removing the diet intake of certain proteins.

Metabolic disorder symptoms

Metabolic disorder symptoms entirely depend on the type of disorder and its seriousness. Here are some of the most common symptoms:

  • Unintentional weight gain
  • Skin changes like colour, thinning, and bruising
  • Reduced appetite
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Fatigue and lack of energy
  • Belly pain and vomiting
  • Feeling thirsty and hungry
  • Growth delays in children and babies

Metabolic disorder causes

There are different causes of metabolic disorders such as:

  • Genetics- It can be passed down from parents to the children
  • A diseased or damaged organ- Such as the pancreas or thyroid
  • Some disorders don’t have any known cause such as type 1 diabetes- an autoimmune disorder

Metabolic disorders diagnosis

The first step to diagnosing the metabolic disorder is identifying the symptoms, and type of metabolic disorder, and assessing the family history. The healthcare provider usually orders blood tests to measure blood sugar levels, cholesterol levels, and triglyceride levels.

Metabolic disorders treatment

Metabolic disorders treatment involves a comprehensive range of options depending on the cause. Most of the conditions are genetic and there is no cure available at the moment. It means that an individual might need lifelong medications and is required to make recommended lifestyle changes to control the symptoms. For instance, for type 1 diabetes, regular insulin shots are required to manage blood glucose levels and for type 2, there is a need for a combination of medicines and lifestyle changes like exercise and diet.

Why should you choose Rukmani Birla Hospital for metabolic disorders treatment?

Rukmani Birla Hospital, Jaipur is a multi-speciality hospital established to offer quality clinical care on a global scale. With a team of skilled and qualified doctors, we endeavour to deliver exceptional arrangements of clinical care.  We have envisioned a completely unique way for national health and medical services. We are focusing on a healthy India and offering quality healthcare through a team of empathetic medical professionals. Our team always makes efforts to make sure that the services are available and affordable to every patient. If you are diagnosed with metabolic disorders, then consult our experts now. Make sure to book your appointment.


Is diabetes a metabolic disorder?

Yes, diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterised by insulin resistance and pancreatic-cell dysfunction.

What are some metabolic disorders?

Some of the metabolic disorders include maple syrup urine disease, glucose-galactose malabsorption, hereditary hemochromatosis, phenylketonuria, diabetes, etc.

What is lipid metabolism disorder?

Lipid metabolism disorder also known as Gaucher disease involves lipids. It means that an individual having this condition doesn’t have sufficient enzymes to break down lipids. Lipids include waxes, cholesterol, oils, and fatty acids.


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