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What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that involves damaging the optic nerve. The optical nerve is responsible for sending information from the eye to the brain and is important to perfect vision. Often, optic nerve damage is linked to high pressure in the eye, but it can also occur in a normal eye. Glaucoma is a condition that can affect anyone at any age, however, is more common in adults who are older. It is identified to be one of the primary reasons for blindness among people who are above the age of 60. 

There are different forms of glaucoma but don’t have any warning signs. The effect is so slow that it becomes hard to observe the changes in the vision till the time condition is in its later stages. 

It is essential to go for frequent eye checkups which include eye pressure measurements. It becomes easy to prevent and slow down the vision loss of glaucoma is detected in its initial phase. People with glaucoma require monitoring or treatment lifelong.

Types of glaucoma

Several types of glaucoma are there which include: 

  • Open-angle glaucoma
  • Closed-angle glaucoma
  • Normal-tension glaucoma
  • Congenital glaucoma

When to see a doctor?

If someone is experiencing glaucoma symptoms appearing suddenly, it is an indication that the patient is suffering from acute angle-closure glaucoma. It is recommended to visit a doctor when symptoms like severe eye pain and headache are observed. Doctors recommend seeking immediate medical attention by visiting an emergency room or consulting an ophthalmologist directly.

Glaucoma treatment

While there is no cure available for glaucoma treatment, there are certain options that are helpful in managing the condition and preventing additional damage. The treatment choice entirely depends on the glaucoma seriousness and its type, including individual factors. Some of the common glaucoma treatment options include:

  • Eye drops: These are recommended in the form of medications as they help in reducing fluid buildup and improve drainage effectively. It is vital to ensure the use of drops as recommended by the doctor and follow the instructions properly. 
  • Oral medications: In certain cases, this treatment option is required for glaucoma as it benefits in lowering intraocular pressure. They are usually recommended along with eye drops as the benefits of both options are similar. 
  • Laser therapy: This glaucoma treatment option involves iridotomy and trabeculoplasty. Iridotomy is useful in creating a small hole in the iris to enhance fluid flow and decrease intraocular pressure whereas trabeculoplasty benefits in improving fluid drainage from the eye with the use of laser energy to open channels that are blocked.
  • Surgical procedures: This treatment option is recommended when laser therapy and medications aren’t helpful. Trabeculectomy is often recommended in advanced cases as fluid drainage can be improved. 
  • Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS): This is a less invasive surgical technique and new method which helps in reducing intraocular pressure by enhancing the natural drainage pathways of the eyes.

Why should you choose The Calcutta Medical Research Institute for glaucoma treatment?

The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI) is one of the largest multispecialty hospitals in Kolkata. Our hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology, revolutionizing the healthcare industry for the best surgical outcomes. In addition, CMRI has several eminent specialists, doctors, and healthcare providers of national and international reputations for comprehensive and personalized treatment. CMRI provides patient-centric care and empathy from internationally trained nurses to ensure holistic care for patients seeking treatment for glaucoma. Here are a few advantages of choosing CMRI for glaucoma treatment: 

  • Highly qualified and experienced doctors
  • 440-bed capacity along with cutting-edge technology and the latest medical equipment
  • Hygienic and patient-friendly infrastructure
  • Thorough screening and diagnosis
  • Transparent Pricing Structure for cost-effective treatment
  • Patient-centric, high-quality care for a high success rate
  • Pain management and palliative care
  • Complete and coordinated care for patients with all types of cancers.


Can glaucoma be cured?

There is no cure for glaucoma, but certain options are available for the management of symptoms.

Is glaucoma hereditary?

Yes, glaucoma is a hereditary condition.

What is the first sign of glaucoma?

The first sign of glaucoma is severe eye pain and severe headache.

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