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What is Menopause?

Menopause is a reproductive condition among women that occurs when they stop menstruating for 12 months consecutively and cannot become pregnant. Women start experiencing menopause between the age of 45-55. In some women, it can develop before or at a later stage of their age. It is a natural biological process of a female's life. There are different symptoms, causes, and diverse treatments available to ease the uncomfortable feeling.

Symptoms of menopause

Every female menopause experience is different and symptoms often are serious in some women when it happens suddenly or over a shorter period. There are conditions which lead to affecting the ovaries health such as cancer, and hysterectomy.

The early symptoms of menopause are:

  • Unexplained weight gain
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Memory issues
  • Declined libido or sexual drive
  • Frequent urination
  • Sore and tender breasts
  • Difficulty in concentration
  • Headaches
  • Heart palpitations
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Reduced bone mass
  • Hair thinning
  • Painful joints
  • Increased hair growth on face, neck, chest, and upper back

Causes of menopause

This condition occurs due to different conditions and hence becomes the cause of menopause. It includes:

  • Oophorectomy (surgery used for removing the ovaries)
  • Reduced reproductive hormones naturally
  • Primary ovarian insufficien
  • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy

Complications of menopause

If menopause is left untreated, then it can cause various complications which include:

  • Vulvovaginal atrophy
  • Slow metabolic functions
  • Cataracts
  • Sudden emotional changes
  • Heart or blood vessel disease
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Osteoporosis
  • Dyspareunia

Menopause Diagnosis

Symptoms of menopause are sufficient to let a female know that she has entered the menopausal transition. If any female has concerns about irregular periods or hot flashes, it is important to consult the doctor. In certain cases, there may be a need for evaluation.

Usually, there are no tests for menopause diagnosis, however, in some cases, doctors might order tests to assess the level of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), estrogen, and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH).

Menopause treatment

If the symptoms are severe for a female and affect her daily life, there may be a need for menopause treatment. One of the best treatment options is hormonal therapy for females under the age of 60 or within ten years of the onset of menopause. It helps in reducing signs like:

  • Vaginal atrophy
  • Night sweats
  • Hot flashes
  • Osteoporosis
  • Flushing

There are medications as well recommended by the doctor to treat menopausal symptoms such as vaginal dryness and hair loss. Here are some medications used:

  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are used for anxiety, depression, and hot flashes
  • Low-dose estrogen-based vaginal lubricants are recommended in the form of tablets, rings, or cream
  • Ospemifene is for painful sexual intercourse and vaginal dryness
  • Sleep medications are given to treat insomnia

Why should you choose Rukmani Birla Hospital for menopause treatment?

Rukmani Birla Hospital in Jaipur is well-equipped with latest and modern clinical services offering exceptional patient care. We have incorporated a team of highly qualified and experienced professionals in our hospital. They ensure diagnosing of the condition and analysing it so that the right treatment is offered to the patient. If you are experiencing menopause symptoms, then make sure to consult our top gynaecologists. You will find the best treatment under the supervision of our experts.


Are there any good foods you can include for reducing the symptoms of menopause?

Yes, you can include various food items in your diet that can help you to reduce the symptoms. Make sure to eat a healthy diet and include a sufficient amount of fruits, and calcium sources like yoghurt, milk, kale, and vegetables. You can also include Vitamin D supplements for healthy bones.

Should you take hormone replacement therapy?

Yes, you must because it is designed to help females control the symptoms of menopause like night sweats, vaginal dryness, hot flashes, etc. It will help you to manage your daily life.


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