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Neurodegenrative Diseases

What Are Neurodegenerative Diseases (NDDs)?

Neurodegenerative diseases affect cell functioning associated with brain control. These types of illnesses result from progressive damage to the cells and central nervous system which essentially control mobility, strength, coordination, strength, sensations and cognition. 

Neurodegenerative diseases affect people worldwide with the majority of complex cases remaining untreatable. The conditions impact the mental state of individuals and affect their relationships with their loved ones. Therefore, early diagnosis can ensure effective treatment for long-term benefits.

What Are Some Common Neurodegenerative Diseases?

Neurodegenerative diseases include disorders that worsen motor, cognitive and autonomic dysfunction over a period of time. While neurologists classify neurodegenerative disorders based on clinical presentation, several studies have shifted the focus more towards underlying pathological processes. Common neurodegenerative diseases include - 

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Dementia
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Motor neuron disease
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Ataxia
  • Frontotemporal dementia
  • Extrapyramidal disorders
  • Prion Disease
  • Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA)
  • Synucleinopathies. Amyloidoses
  • Multiple system atrophy
  • Progressive supranuclear palsy

What Causes Neurodegenerative Diseases?

Neurodegenerative disorders are characterized by the loss of selective neurons population due to metabolic or toxic disorders. Age is considered one of the greatest risk factors for several NDDs. However, prominent causes of neurodegenerative diseases involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors which makes it difficult to diagnose the condition. 

In the case of inherited genetic mutation, faulty genes transmitted from the parents to their offspring can cause conditions such as Huntington’s disease, rare cases of motor neurone disease and Alzheimer’s disease. Several environmental factors are linked to the causes of neurodegenerative diseases. Long-term exposure to chemicals, pesticides, and toxins can contribute to the progression of NDDs.

Why Choose CMRI for The Treatment Of Neurodegenerative Disorders?

The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI) is one of the largest multispecialty hospitals in Kolkata. Our hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology, revolutionising the healthcare industry for the best surgical outcomes. 

In addition, our hospital has several eminent specialists, doctors and healthcare providers of national and international repute who provide comprehensive and personalised treatment. CMRI provides patient-centric care and empathy from internationally trained nurses to ensure holistic care for patients seeking treatment for neurodegenerative diseases. Here are a few advantages of choosing CMRI for the best neurodegenerative diseases treatment in Kolkata - 

  • Highly qualified and experienced neurosurgeons
  • 440-bed capacity along with cutting-edge technology and the latest medical equipment
  • Hygienic and patient-friendly infrastructure
  • Thorough screening and diagnosis
  • Transparent Pricing Structure for cost-effective treatment
  • Patient-centric, high-quality care for a high success rate
  • Pain management and palliative care
  • Complete and coordinated care for patients with all types of cancers.


What are the symptoms of neurodegenerative disorders?

Symptoms of neurodegenerative diseases are often associated with the following -

  • Issues regarding mobility and balance
  • Abnormal movements
  • Bladder and bowel malfunction
  • Blood pressure fluctuation
  • Difficulty Sleeping, swallowing, 
  • Breathing disorders 
  • Improper heart function
  • Memory and cognitive abilities
  • Mood and speech issues

What are the treatment options for common neurodegenerative diseases?

While there is currently no cure for severe neurodegenerative disorders, doctors recommend different treatment options to manage the symptoms and prevent the condition from getting worse. Treatment options for NDDs include - 

  • Medications
  • Speech pathology
  • Occupational therapy
  • Physiotherapy
  • Psychiatry

Can I slow down neurodegeneration?

The extent of neurodegeneration can be managed by encouraging healthy eating habits. Reducing food intake containing high-sugar, high-fat and highly processed foods can slow down the process of neurodegeneration. A diet containing fruits, vegetables and lean protein is effective in preventing dementia and other neurodegenerative diseases.

Is physiotherapy effective against neurodegenerative diseases?

Yes, physiotherapy plays a crucial role in managing neurodegenerative disorders for improved quality of life. People who undergo physiotherapy are introduced to specific exercises that target specific muscles, joint and soft tissue mobilisations, balance exercises, movement re-education, electrical stimulation and advice on lifestyle and fatigue management.

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