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Department Of Endocrinology

The Department of Endocrinology at CMRI Hospital is a highly specialized and advanced unit where a top-ranked team of experts is available to diagnose, assess, monitor and treat the patients. The department offers comprehensive treatment plans by integrating treatment with healthy lifestyle changes and dietary modification for unparalleled outcomes.
The endocrine system consists of several glands, all in different parts of the body, which secrete hormones directly into the blood rather than into a duct system. Hormones have many different functions and modes of action. One hormone may have several effects on different target organs, and, conversely, one target organ may be affected by more than one hormone.
The Department of Endocrinology at CMRI Hospital offers comprehensive endocrinology care and diagnostic services, catering to the needs of patients with varied endocrine diseases and ailments. Our endocrine experts work in close coordination with specialists from different departments, to offer a multidisciplinary approach, backed by the latest research and innovations. 

Conditions we treat.

Thyroid diseases:

  • The thyroid is a small gland present in the neck that plays an important role in various vital metabolic functions. 
  • Excessive production of thyroid hormone is referred to as hyperthyroidism, whereas, insufficient thyroid hormone production is termed hypothyroidism. 
  • Common causes of hyperthyroidism include Grave's disease, toxic adenomas, subacute thyroiditis and malfunction of the pituitary glands. 
  • Major causes of hypothyroidism include Hashimoto's thyroiditis, extraction of the thyroid gland and excessive exposure to Iodine. 
  • There are many diseases and ailments that can affect the thyroid gland. These include thyroid nodules, hyperthyroidism, thyroiditis, thyroid cancer and goitre.
  • Various symptoms associated with thyroid disease include sleeping difficulties, unintended loss or gain of weight, anxiety, irritability, muscle weakness, tremors and irregular menstrual cycles. 
  • Thyroid diseases are usually managed by medication and lifestyle changes. 


  • Diabetes is a condition marked by elevated blood sugar levels in the body.
  • The abnormal sugar levels are either a result of decreased production of insulin hormone or inability of the same to work efficiently. 
  • Diabetes can be of different types- Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease accounting for almost 10% of the cases. Type 2 diabetes is very serious and marked by excessive sugar buildup. Gestational diabetes is marked by high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. 
  • Common symptoms associated with diabetes include increased hunger and thirst, unintended loss of weight, frequent urge to urinate and blurry vision. 
  • Men with diabetes are more vulnerable to problems like erectile dysfunction and decrease sex drive

Metabolic disorders:

  • It is an umbrella term used for a cluster of conditions that affect your metabolism, i.e. the ability of the body to generate energy from the food we eat. 
  • Some common metabolic disorders include hypertension, high blood sugar, obesity, Gaucher's disease, hereditary hemochromatosis, phenylketonuria, and unhealthy cholesterol and triglyceride levels. 
  • These can put you at a higher risk of developing various ailments like stroke and type 2 diabetes. 
  • Metabolic disorders are usually triggered when some organs like the liver and the pancreas become dysfunctional. 
  • Other factors responsible for metabolic disorders include enzyme or vitamin deficiency, underlying disease of the liver pancreas and endocrine glands, and abnormal chemical reactions. 

Menopause :

  • Menopause is said to occur when a woman, usually in her 40s, stops having her monthly menstrual cycles. 
  • Women have a limited reserve of eggs, which tends to decline with age.
  • The oestrogen levels tend to fall as a result of the endocrine changes in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, which is triggered by the loss of oocytes and follicles. 
  • The decline in oestrogen levels can give rise to many problems such as osteoporosis, heart diseases, loss of libido, cognitive and vaginal changes. 

Lipid disorders

  • It is a cluster of conditions that can trigger unhealthy levels of lipids or fats in our bodies. These can accumulate over time and obstruct the flow of blood through the arteries. 
  • Common symptoms of liver disorders include xanthomas, arcus senilis and xanthelasma.
  • Lipid disorders can be a result of genetic mutations. These can also be triggered by underlying diseases or unhealthy lifestyle factors. 
  • Medical conditions that can trigger lipid disorders include diabetes, renal diseases, hepatic diseases and hyperthyroidism. 


  • Infertility is becoming a growing concern affecting more than 14 % of the world population.
  • Healthy hormonal balance plays a vital role in determining your fertility and if the hormones are not balanced, it can lead to difficulties in conception. 
  • PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome), thyroid dysfunction and anovulation are three of the well-known causes of infertility in women. Board problems that occurred by hormonal imbalance. 
  • In males, infertility can be a result of declined testosterone levels, which is a vital male reproductive hormone. 

Endocrine Cancers

  • Endocrine cancer is a term used for malignancies that affect the organs and tissues of the endocrine system. 
  • These include adrenal tumours, neuroendocrine tumours, parathyroid tumours, and pituitary tumours. 
  • Common symptoms of endocrine cancer include, change in bowel and bladder habits, depression, confusion, fatigue and fever.

Treatment and Surgeries

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