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What Are Thyroid Disorders?

Thyroid disorders are a group of conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck that produces hormones that regulate metabolism. The thyroid produces hormones that are responsible for different functions in the body. However, any abnormalities in the thyroid impact the entire functioning of the body. Contact us for the best thyroid treatment by our leading doctors and surgeons.

What Are The Different Types Of Thyroid?

The doctors classify thyroid into two main types - 

  • Hyperthyroidism (when your body makes too much thyroid hormone)
  • Hypothyroidism (when your body makes too little thyroid hormone)

What Are the Symptoms Of Thyroid?

Symptoms of the thyroid include - 

  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Weight gain or loss
  • Cold or heat intolerance
  • Hair loss
  • Dry skin
  • Irregular menstrual periods
  • Muscle weakness and trembling
  • Irritability or depression
  • Increased heart rate or palpitations
  • Difficulty sleeping

What Are the Causes Of Thyroid?

The two primary causes of the thyroid include hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism is when the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones. On the other hand, hyperthyroidism occurs as a result of too much production of hormones from the thyroid gland. Common conditions that can cause hypothyroidism include - 

  • Thyroiditis
  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
  • Postpartum thyroiditis
  • Iodine deficiency
  • A non-functioning thyroid gland

Common conditions that can cause hyperthyroidism include - 

  • Graves’ disease
  • Nodules
  • Thyroiditis
  • Excessive iodine

When Should I Consult The Doctor for Thyroid?

Get in touch with the doctor for your thyroid problems in case the symptoms do not improve with medications and home remedies. Timely diagnosis can result in effective treatment which is why it is important to diagnose the disease early. Consult a doctor if you are feeling tired for no reason.

How Is Thyroid Diagnosed?

Thyroid diagnosis involves the following - 

  • Physical exam: The doctor examines the neck to check for enlargement or nodules on the thyroid gland.
  • Blood tests: These are helpful in measuring the levels of thyroid hormones and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH).
  • Imaging tests: such as ultrasound or a thyroid scan to evaluate the size and shape of the gland and identify any nodules or abnormalities.
  • Biopsy: if a nodule is found, a sample may be taken for further testing to determine if it is cancerous.

What Are The Treatment Options For Thyroid?

Thyroid treatment depends on the type and severity of the condition. The doctor may recommend the following treatment methods depending on the thyroid's primary cause -

  • Anti-thyroid drugs (methimazole and propylthiouracil)
  • Radioactive iodine
  • Thyroid replacement medication
  • Beta-blockers
  • Surgical interventions like thyroidectomy

Why Choose CMRI for Thyroid Treatment in Kolkata?

The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI) is one of the largest multispecialty hospitals in Kolkata. Our hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology, revolutionising the healthcare industry for the best surgical outcomes. 

In addition, CMRI has several eminent specialists, doctors and healthcare providers of national and international reputations for comprehensive and personalised treatment. CMRI provides patient-centric care and empathy from internationally trained nurses to ensure holistic care for patients seeking treatment for thyroid. Here are a few advantages of choosing CMRI for thyroid treatment- 

  • Highly qualified and experienced doctors
  • 440-bed capacity along with cutting-edge technology and the latest medical equipment
  • Hygienic and patient-friendly infrastructure
  • Thorough screening and diagnosis
  • Transparent Pricing Structure for cost-effective treatment
  • Patient-centric, high-quality care for a high success rate
  • Pain management and palliative care
  • Complete and coordinated care for patients with all types of cancers.


Which fruit is good for the thyroid?

The doctor may recommend apples, pears, plums and citrus fruits for patients with thyroid. These fruits can help detoxification of mercury from the body.

Can thyroid issues make me lose my hair?

Hair loss is one of the most common symptoms of thyroid. If you begin to experience hair loss, get in touch with a doctor for a comprehensive diagnosis.

Can a woman with thyroid problems get pregnant?

Some women may find it difficult to conceive a child due to hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. An overactive or underactive thyroid can have a negative effect on fertility.

Can thyroid be cured?

Yes, surgical procedures to remove or destroy the thyroid can permanently cure the problem. However, depending on the severity of the condition, type of thyroid, and medical health of the patient, the effectiveness of the treatment can vary.

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