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What is Tendinitis?

Tendinitis is an orthopedic condition where the connective tissues among the muscles and bones are inflamed. Tendinitis is also referred to as Tendonitis. The condition occurs because of repetitive activities and can be painful. The diseases can be experienced in different parts of the body like the hip, shoulder, knee, elbow, thumb bases, and the Achilles tendon.

The pain and tenderness are experienced outside the joints. This condition is treatable with physical therapies, medications, and rest that help in relieving the pain. If the problem becomes severe, then there might be a requirement for surgery.

Types of tendinitis

There are different types of tendinitis:

  • Achilles tendinitis: It is one of the types which involves the tissue band connecting the calf muscles at the lower leg back to the heel bone.
  • Golfer’s elbow: This is a condition that leads to pain in the forearm tendons that are attached to the bony bump on the elbow inside. The pain is usually experienced in the forearm and wrist.
  • Patellar tendinitis: This is a condition that involves injury in the tendon in conjunction with the kneecap to the shinbone. It is usually experienced by athletes comprising activities like jumping i.e. volleyball and basketball.
  • Tennis elbow: It is among the most painful conditions among other types that takes place because of overloading of the tendons in the elbow. A person can experience pain in their wrist and forearm.

Tendinitis symptoms

The tendinitis condition occurs all over the body connecting the muscles to bones in the joints for instance shoulders, knees, and elbows. Here are the tendinitis symptoms that one should be aware of:

  • Severe pain in the tendon that becomes unbearable when a person suffering from it tries to move.
  • It becomes complex to move the joint effortlessly.
  • There will be a grating and crackling sensation when an individual moves his/her tendon.
  • There can be swelling including redness or heat.

Tendinitis causes

The most common tendinitis cause is sudden injury, however, repeating the same movement over and over again is the most common cause. People usually grow tendinitis these days due to their lifestyle, jobs, or hobbies. Their regular activities involve monotonous activities putting massive stress on tendons.

It is very important to move correctly when it comes to repeating movements for a job or sports. Incorrect movements and repetitive activities can lead to tendinitis.

When to see a doctor

The doctor recommends visiting the professional if:

  • An individual observes that the symptoms are not improving within a few days or weeks.
  • The pain is getting worse day by day.
  • There is a feeling that the tendon is ruptured.

When the pain becomes more severe and unbearable, it indicates a tendon rupture. You must not overlook the sign and should see a professional orthopaedic doctor or general practitioner. After diagnosing the problem, they would be able to recommend the right treatment for the condition.

Tendinitis diagnosis

The physical assessment is initiated by the doctor for tendinitis diagnosis. There are other imaging tests and x-rays that will be useful in ruling out the condition causing the symptoms.

Tendinitis treatment

The objective of tendinitis treatment is to relieve the pain and ease irritation. A variety of treatment options are available that one can include such as resting, ice, and pain relievers. The treatment might require a few months.

Additionally, here are the clinical treatment options for tendinitis:


The doctor will recommend the following medicines to treat the condition:

  • Pain relievers like sodium, ibuprofen, aspirin and acetaminophen are given as it helps with getting rid of the pain. These medications can cause side effects like stomach upset, and kidney and liver issues.
  • Steroids are also recommended as it benefits in easing tendinitis pain. It is given in the form of shots and lasts for around three months. However, repeated shots can cause weakness in tendons so ensure keeping in touch with the doctor in this regard.

Physical therapy

The doctor will also include physical therapy as a part of tendinitis treatment because they are useful in strengthening the muscles and tendons. It focuses on muscle contraction and is a proficient treatment method for the tendon condition.

Surgical and other procedures

If medications and surgical therapies aren’t helpful, then the doctor will involve surgical procedures. They might recommend:

  • Dry needling: It is a procedure initiated with ultrasound and makes small holes in the tendon. The process is followed by a fine needle for the stimulation of tendon healing.
  • Surgery is recommended depending on the tendon injury condition. There might be a requirement for surgery, mostly in cases when the tendon is torn away from the bone.

Lifestyle and home remedies

For the tendinitis treatment, the doctor also recommends involving certain lifestyle and home remedies which are:

  • Rest: It implies that one has to ensure avoid doing things that can cause pain augmentation and increase swelling. Tendinitis healing needs rest and bed rest so make sure to not play around with the pain. Swimming and other water activities can be useful.
  •  Ice: This method is useful for reducing pain, swelling, and muscle spasm. A person with tendinitis can apply ice for around 20 minutes a day. There are other options as well like slush baths, ice massage, ice packs, and ice water.
  • Compression: It is for reducing swelling because it can lead to motion loss so one can wrap the area till the time swelling is gone. Compression options can include elastic bandages and wraps.
  • Elevation: When tendinitis begins to affect the knee, it is recommended to raise the leg above the heart level. It will help in easing out the swelling efficiently.


Why should you choose Rukmani Birla Hospital, Jaipur?

Rukmani Birla Hospital, Jaipur is among the well-known names in the healthcare industry across the city. The hospital is primarily known for its exceptional and multi-special healthcare services. We have a team of doctors having years of experience in their fields and are very well-versed in understanding patient requirements. They make additional efforts to make sure that the patient is satisfied with the treatment given by them for any health condition.

We ensure staying updated with the latest and advanced technologies emerging in the healthcare industry and integrating them into our hospital. We are one of the NABH-accredited hospitals. The incorporation of advanced medical technology and equipment has led us in achieving our goal of offering patient-focused services.

If you are finding treatment for tendinitis, get in touch with our professional and expert orthopaedic doctors. They will do anything to make sure that the condition is treated and your requirements are fulfilled.


How long can one have tendinitis condition?

The tendinitis pain can be severe and gets worse with time. However, usually, the damage made to joints is healed within two weeks. If the situation is chronic, then it can take around six weeks to fully recover.

Can tendinitis spread to other parts?

Tendinitis can cause long-term mild pain and the pain can spread down to the arm and then up to the neck.

Is tendinitis a lifelong condition?

If tendinitis is left untreated, then it can cause permanent tendon weakening. This frequently is an outcome of the tendon rupturing that needs surgery for repair. The condition can lead to permanent damage to the tissues that are affected.

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