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Brain Tumor

What Is Brain Tumor?

Brain tumour refers to the mass or abnormal growth of cells in the brain. There are a variety of brain tumours which exist, but doctors mostly associate tumours as benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Brain tumours can grow rapidly or gradually depending on the area and how it affects the nervous system. 

Brain tumours are slightly more common in men than women. However, Meningioma, a type of brain tumour is more common in women. If you are experiencing brain tumor symptoms, contact us to book a consultation with our leading neurologists for early diagnosis and timely treatment. 


What are the Different Types of Brain Tumors?

There are more than 150 different types of brain tumors that originate in different locations inside the brain. Brain tumor types are also categorized into primary tumors which originate in the brain and are usually benign. On the other hand, secondary brain tumors occur when the cancer cells spread to the brain from other organs. Benign brain tumors are further classified into the following categories -

  • Chordomas
  • Pineocytomas
  • Craniopharyngiomas
  • Pituitary adenomas
  • Meningiomas
  • Schwannomas
  • Gangkiocytomas

Non-cancerous brain tumors include the following -

What are the Symptoms of a Brain Tumor?

Brain tumor symptoms can vary depending on whether the condition is cancerous or not. Depending on the size, location and type, some patients may not experience any signs of a brain tumor while others may complain of frequent headaches due to pressure in the brain. Common brain tumour symptoms include the following - 

  • Dizziness
  • Seizures
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Vision problems
  • Hearing difficulties
  • Changes in personality
  • Difficulty thinking, speaking or understanding
  • Weakness or paralysis in one part or side of the body
  • Facial numbness or tingling
  • Confusion and disorientation

When to see a Doctor for Brain Tumor Treatment?

Seek medical assistance for brain tumor treatment in case your symptoms do not improve with time. A brain tumour can develop gradually and most people are unaware of the symptoms which can lead to delayed treatment, thus increasing the chances of complications. Therefore, early diagnosis can ensure effective treatment for long-term health benefits. 

What Causes Brain Tumors?

Brain tumors either begin in the brain or occur as a result of cancer cells that spread from surrounding organs like cranial nerves, pituitary glands, or pineal glands. Leading brain tumour causes include abnormal cell growth which develops as a result of genetic mutation. Additionally, brain tumor also occurs due to infection that spreads from other organs like lungs, breasts, kidneys, colon, etc. The mutation can spread to surrounding organs and tissues which increases the overall risk of complications. Brain tumor causes generally include the following - 

  • Gliomas
  • Craniopharyngiomas
  • Pituitary adenomas
  • Meningiomas
  • Medulloblastomas
  • Acoustic neuromas (schwannomas)
  • Germ cell tumors

Doctors also associate certain factors which can increase the risk of brain tumours- 

  • Heredity
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Prolonged exposure to radiation

How Is Brain Tumor Diagnosed?

Brain tumour diagnosis includes a combination of physical examination and symptom analysis. Physical examination includes neurological tests to determine the extent, type and location of the tumour. Brain tumour diagnosis includes the following -

  • Imaging tests such as an MRI, CT scans, and positron emission tomography (PET)
  • Spinal tap (lumbar puncture) to remove cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the spine and look for cancer cells. 
  • Biopsy which includes examining the tissues from the tumour to identify the type and severity of cancer. 
  • Specialized tests to check the overall health and determine the extent and severity of cancer.

What are Treatment Methods for Brain Tumor? 

Brain tumor treatment aims at reducing the risk which can cause abnormal growth of the cells. The treatment mainly depends on the type, severity, size and location of the tumor. If the tumor is benign, the doctor may recommend medications. However, the effectiveness of the medications is still under debate. Additionally, other complementary options like acupuncture, art therapy, relaxation exercise, meditation, etc. can also help manage brain tumor symptoms. 

For complex cases, brain tumour treatment involves methods like surgery, radiation therapy, brachytherapy, targeted drug therapy, immunotherapy, and chemotherapy. The aim of the treatment is to remove as many tissues as possible without causing damage to the surrounding organs. The surgeon can combine other treatments such as radiation therapy and chemotherapy for an effective cure.

Why Choose CMRI for Brain Tumor Treatment in Kolkata?

The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI) is one of the largest multispecialty hospitals in Kolkata. Our hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology which has revolutionized the healthcare industry for the best surgical outcomes. 

In addition, our hospital has several eminent physicians, surgeons, and healthcare providers of national and international repute for comprehensive and personalized treatment. CMRI provides patient-centric care and empathy from internationally trained nurses to ensure holistic care for patients seeking brain tumor treatment in Kolkata. Here are a few advantages of choosing CMRI for your brain tumor treatment- 

  • Highly qualified and experienced surgeons
  • 440-bed capacity along with cutting-edge technology and the latest medical equipment
  • Hygienic and patient-friendly infrastructure
  • Screening and diagnosis
  • Transparent Pricing Structure for cost-effective treatment
  • Patient-centric high-quality care for a high success rate
  • Pain management and palliative care
  • Complete and coordinated care for patients with all types of cancers.

Get in touch with our expert neurologists at CMRI, Kolkata for complete brain tumor treatment.


Are there any possible complications of a Brain Tumor?

Brain tumours develop gradually and are not easy to detect. However, there is always a possibility of complications which can be a result of untreated brain tumours. These include headaches, seizures, vision and hearing loss and balance issues. Regular health checkups for early detection of the disease can ensure effective treatment.

Whom should I consult for my Brain Tumor treatment?

A neurologist or neurosurgeon specializes in diagnosing and treating conditions related to the brain. Get in touch with our leading neurologist for a safe and cost-effective treatment.

What is the survival rate for brain tumour patients?

The survival rate for brain tumour patients varies depending on their age and overall health. The survival rate for children aged 14 or under is over 96% and around 97% for people aged 15 to 39. For adults above 40 years and older, the survival rate is over 87%.

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