Mammography

What is a Mammography Test?

Mammography is an x-ray imagining method used to generate pictures of breasts. Doctors use mammograms to examine the breasts for early detection of cancer and other breast disorders. During a mammogram, the patient’s breast is placed on a flat plate and compressed with a parallel plate-like instrument called a paddle. An x-ray machine produces photographic images on a film or a solid-state detector which transmits the electrical signals to form a digital image. These images are called mammograms.

The low-density tissues like fat appear to be translucent whereas areas of dense tissues such as connective and glandular tissue or tumour appear whiter on a grey background. Most doctors recommend mammography tests in case the individual is experiencing symptoms associated with breast disorders. However, for women aged 50 and above, there is an increased risk of breast cancer and so, a regular mammography test is generally advised. Discuss your condition with the doctor to know how often you should take mammography tests.

Different Types of Mammograms:

There are two types of mammograms - 

  • Screening mammograms - The doctor recommends screening mammograms for women who have no signs or symptoms of breast cancer or other breast disorders. Regular screening mammograms can help in the early detection of breast cancer and reduce fatalities. However, screening mammograms also have certain side effects. Mammograms can detect something that may look abnormal but is not cancer. This can inculcate a feeling of anxiety and further lead to increased testing. Moreover, screening mammograms are not always 100% accurate and can sometimes miss cancer when it is there. Repeated exposure to radiation can also be harmful. 

 

  • Diagnostic mammograms - Diagnostic mammograms are usually recommended in case there is an increased risk of cancer and other breast-related disorders. The radiologist performs the mammography by placing the breasts between the two plastic plates and pressing it to make it flat. It is not painful but can be a bit uncomfortable. The doctor reads the mammogram and examines the early signs of cancer or other problems.

What If My Mammogram Is Not Normal?

An abnormal mammogram does not always indicate the presence of cancer. The doctor or radiologist will recommend additional mammograms, tests, or exams before it becomes certain that there are cancerous cells or breast-related disorders. In case your reading is abnormal, you can also consult a breast specialist or a surgeon to get a second opinion. You can discuss your symptoms with the doctor for a comprehensive analysis and avoid the risk of further complications.

Why Choose CMRI for Mammography Test?

The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI) is one of the largest multispecialty hospitals in Kolkata. Our hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology, revolutionizing the healthcare industry for the best surgical and diagnostic outcomes. 

In addition, our hospital has several eminent radiologists, doctors, and healthcare providers of national and international reputations for comprehensive diagnosis and personalized treatment. CMRI provides patient-centric care and empathy from internationally trained nurses to ensure holistic care for patients looking for a mammography test in Kolkata. Here are a few advantages of choosing CMRI- 

  • Highly qualified and experienced doctors
  • 440-bed capacity along with cutting-edge technology and the latest medical equipment
  • Hygienic and patient-friendly infrastructure
  • Thorough screening and diagnosis
  • Transparent Pricing Structure for cost-effective treatment
  • Patient-centric, high-quality care for a high success rate
  • Pain management and palliative care
  • Complete and coordinated care for patients with all types of cancers.

FAQs

What is the difference between mammography and sonomammography?

Mammography is the imaging method to detect breast cancer and breast-related disorders using x-ray radiation. On the other hand, sonomammography uses ultrasound waves to develop images of breast tissues.

Is a mammography exam painful?

No, mammography tests are not painful. However, there may a slight discomfort due to the compression of the breasts. 

What is the use of mammography?

Mammography is an x-ray imaging method which is used to detect breast cancer or other medical disorders related to breasts. Early mammographies can detect early signs of cancer and prevent the risk of fatality.

How accurate is mammography in detecting breast cancer?

Breast cancer can be accurately diagnosed through mammography in about 78% of women. However, the diagnostic accuracy may vary depending on how dense the breasts are. On average, the accuracy of mammography in detecting breast cancer is around 83% for women over 50 years.

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