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Who is an Orthodontist? Know About the Different Conditions They Treat

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Who is an Orthodontist? Know About the Different Conditions They Treat

Dental Sciences | by Dr. Apratim Ganguly | Published on 28/03/2023



Overview: Who is an orthodontist?

Orthodontics is a field of dentistry that focuses on the correction of dental and jaw abnormalities, particularly in children and teenagers. Orthodontists are specialized dentists who have undergone additional training in orthodontics after completing dental school.

While we are often awestruck by the immaculate symmetrical teeth and smiles of our celebrity crushes, we often end up wanting the same. This is when dental implants and orthodontic treatments come into play. Orthodontists are trained to diagnose, prevent, and treat a wide range of dental and orthodontic conditions. This blog provides a reference for different conditions that orthodontists treat. Please note that this blog is only for informational purpose and does not replace the significance of a doctor’s consultation.

What Conditions Do Orthodontists Treat?

Orthodontists specialize in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. They primarily focus on the correction of misaligned teeth and jaws to improve overall oral health. Orthodontic treatment can also help improve the appearance of your smile by using certain dental implants, devices, braces, etc. Here are some of the conditions that orthodontists commonly treat

  • Malocclusion

Malocclusion is a condition in which the teeth do not align properly when the jaws are closed. It can lead to problems such as difficulty in chewing, speech impediments, and an unattractive smile. Orthodontists use braces, aligners, and other devices to correct the alignment of the teeth and jaws.

  • Overcrowding

Overcrowding occurs when there is not enough space in the jaw to accommodate all of the teeth. This can cause teeth to shift or become misaligned. Orthodontists can use braces or other devices to create more space in the jaw and align the teeth properly.

  • Crossbite

A crossbite is a condition in which the upper teeth bite inside the lower teeth when the jaws are closed. This can cause uneven wear on the teeth and lead to problems with the jaw joint. Orthodontists can use braces, expanders, or other devices to correct the crossbite and improve the alignment of the teeth.

  • Overbite & Underbite

An underbite is a condition in which the lower teeth protrude past the upper teeth when the jaws are closed. These occur when the upper or lower teeth are positioned too far forward or backwards. This can cause problems with chewing and speech, as well as an unattractive appearance. Orthodontists can use braces or other devices to correct the underbite and improve the alignment of the teeth.

  • Gap teeth

This occurs when there are spaces between teeth. Orthodontists can use braces or other appliances to close the gaps.

  • Open Bite

An open bite is a condition in which the upper and lower teeth do not meet when the jaws are closed. This can cause problems with chewing and speech, as well as an unattractive appearance. Orthodontists can use braces or other devices to correct the open bite and improve the alignment of the teeth.

  • Crowding

Crowding occurs when there is not enough space in the jaw to accommodate all of the teeth. This can cause teeth to shift or become misaligned. Orthodontists use braces or other medical devices to create more space in the jaw and align the teeth properly.

What Are The Different Options For Orthodontics Treatment?

The type of orthodontic treatment recommended will depend on the individual's specific needs and the severity of their orthodontic issues. There are several types of orthodontic treatments available, including the following - 

  • Braces - The most common type of orthodontic treatment, braces consist of brackets, wires, and bands that apply gentle pressure to the teeth, gradually moving them into the correct position.
  • Clear aligners - Clear aligners, such as Invisalign, are custom-made, clear plastic trays that fit over the teeth and gradually shift them into place. They are virtually invisible and can be removed for eating, brushing, and flossing.
  • Retainers - Retainers are worn after braces or other orthodontic treatments to help maintain the new position of the teeth.
  • Palatal expander - A palatal expander is a device that is placed on the roof of the mouth to widen it, creating more space for the teeth to shift into their correct positions.
  • Headgear - Headgear is an external device that is attached to the braces and worn around the head to help correct the position of the jaw.
  • Jaw surgery - In some cases, orthodontic treatment may require surgery to correct severe jaw misalignments or other skeletal problems.

 

FAQs

Can a dentist do braces?

Yes, a dentist can install braces and be able to straighten the teeth. Moreover, a dentist is able to diagnose and treat different orthodontics disorders. 

Are braces good for teeth?

Braces can straighten the teeth to make them properly aligned. As a result of straightening, it becomes easier to brush and floss making you less prone to tooth decay.

Is an orthodontist just for braces?

No, orthodontists are trained to diagnose, prevent, and treat a wide range of dental and orthodontic conditions.

Is it better to get braces from a dentist or orthodontist?

Dentists are medical professionals who can help you keep your teeth healthy whereas orthodontists are healthcare professionals who treat medical conditions such as teeth alignment and jaw issues. However, depending on the experience, reputation, and expertise of the individual, you can opt for the right medical professional.