If you are someone scared of the word rabies, well, you aren’t the only one. Many people fear the word rabies as it is a contagious illness that has plagued humans and animals for decades. In this blog, we will elaborate on rabies and comprehend its enigmatic nature. We will dig deeper into the discussion of its transmission, symptoms, causes, and prevention to fight against the dangerous disease.
If you find out that you have rabies and are looking for treatment, book your appointment with The Calcutta Medical Research Institute, one of the renowned hospitals in Kolkata. You will find the most experienced and highly talented medical professionals here.
This blog is for informative purposes and doesn’t interfere with the healthcare professional consultation.
Rabies is a viral and contagious illness affecting the mammal nervous system including humans. It is primarily transferred through an infected animal salvia, usually through scratches and bites. If rabies is ignored and doesn’t receive the treatment on time, it can be very dangerous. Aggression is one of the signs to be noticed if someone is suffering from this disease. Some vaccinations can help in preventing rabies and prompt clinical attention is important if someone comes across a probable rabies animal.
It is vital to comprehend that rabies symptoms can develop in stages and usually involve:
One must know that after the symptoms appear, rabies becomes fatal. Hence, prompt clinical attention is required if the person is bitten or scratched by an animal carrying the virus. However, vaccination before the symptoms appear, then it can help in averting the illness.
One of the primary causes behind rabies is primarily the transmission to humans through the infected animal's saliva. It mainly happens when an animal bites or scratches a person. The virus impacts the nervous system and can be hazardous if it is left untreated. Rabies often infects mammals such as raccoons, bats, dogs, etc. People who are exposed to rabies must get a vaccination to prevent fatal risks.
Here is the list of pets and farm animals that can spread rabies to humans:
Here is another list of wild animals that can spread rabies virus:
What are Rabies Risk Factors?
Here are some of the rabies risk factors that can enhance the risk of this illness:
Firstly, it is vital to understand that no way is there to determine if the animal has transferred the virus to a person when an infected animal has bitten someone. According to healthcare experts, sometimes it is common that bite marks are not found. To diagnose rabies, the doctor usually orders several tests to determine the infection. In some cases, there might be a need for repetitive tests to confirm if a person is carrying the virus. The doctor might also recommend to consider treatment options at the earliest to avert the virus so that it doesn’t infect the body if there is a probability of being exposed to the infection.
There is no useful treatment if a rabies infection is established. However, some people might survive rabies, but usually, it leads to death. So, people who suspect that they are exposed to the infection should get several shots to prevent the infection from taking control.
If someone has been bitten by an infected animal, the doctor will recommend shots so that it doesn’t infect the person. In cases, when an infected animal isn’t found, then doctors usually presume that the animal has rabies as it is the safest option. But then again it depends on various factors like animal type and the kind of situation in which it happened.
Here are a series of shots recommended for rabies treatment:
Here are other treatment options for rabies often recommended:
Yes, here are some tips that can help you reduce the risk of getting infected with rabies:
Rabies is one of the fatal viral illnesses posing a substantial menace to both humans and animals. Once an individual is infected with rabies through the bite or scratch of an infected animal, prevention and immediate treatment become serious when symptoms show up. Rabies can be prevented through pet vaccination and wildlife management.
Post-exposure prophylaxis is highly effective for people who are rabies-infected. However, it is also effective when the virus is administered on time. Even after continuous advancement in the medical field, rabies remains a universal health problem, specifically in areas with restricted healthcare access and fewer resources for animal control.
Two doses of rabies vaccine are effective in humans for three years.
Rabies is spread by coming into contact with an infected animal’s saliva.
No cure is available for rabies, however, it can be managed and treated if symptoms don’t show up or when the virus is identified on time.