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Department Of Psychiatry

Psychiatry refers to the branch of medicine that involves the diagnosis and treatment of mental health disorders. This medical speciality also focuses on the study and prevention of mental, emotional and behavioural conditions which can affect the quality of life. An individual’s mental health is influenced by a combination of factors which can be related to the brain functioning of the individual, societal and environmental factors, developmental factors, etc. 

Mental health problems are commonly perceived as a weak state of mind, which can heal on its own. However, it is not the case. Mental health issues need to be addressed timely for a comprehensive analysis and treatment before they cause severe issues with relationships, families, etc. The longer mental illnesses are left untreated, the more severe they can become and they may also not respond well to treatment. However, early diagnosis and treatment can help mentally ill people live a good quality of life and contribute positively to society. 

A psychiatrist is a medical professional who specializes in diagnosing and treating common psychiatric disorders. They are often qualified to assess both the mental and physical aspects of psychological problems. Get in touch with us to book an appointment with the best psychiatrists to treat your mental disorders for an improved quality of life. 

Common Treatment Methods for Psychiatric Disorders:

Psychiatrists often recommend a combination of medications and therapies for effective results and long-term health benefits. Some psychedelic drugs such as psilocybin are being studied for potential treatment options in the future. However, research is still ongoing. Here are some medicines which can relieve the symptoms of psychiatric disorders - 

  • Antidepressants - These medicines are used to treat common symptoms of depression, panic disorder, PTSD, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, borderline personality disorder and eating disorders.
  • Antipsychotic medications - They are prescribed to treat symptoms such as delusions, and hallucinations associated with psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, etc.
  • Sedatives and anxiolytics -  Doctors prescribe these medicines to manage symptoms of insomnia and anxiety
  • Hypnotics - These medicines are effective in inducing sleep and maintaining a healthy state of mind
  • Mood stabilizers - These medicines can help manage the symptoms of bipolar disorder
  • Stimulants - The doctor may prescribe these types of medicines to treat patients suffering from chronic ADHD

In case the above medications are ineffective against the symptoms of psychiatric disorders, the doctor may suggest more aggressive and modern procedures to restore the patient to full health. such as - 

  • Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
  • Deep brain stimulation (DBS)
  • Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS)
  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
  • Ketamine treatment

Commonly Treated Psychiatric Illnesses at CMRI:

CMRI has highly qualified and experienced specialists who offer comprehensive diagnosis and personalised treatment for long-term health benefits. Our department of psychiatry is one of the most robust units in Kolkata. We have a full range of medical laboratory and psychological tests which, combined with discussions with patients, help provide a picture of a patient's physical and mental state. 

Our team of psychiatrists provide modern methods for the diagnosis, evaluation, treatment and rehabilitation of patients with common psychiatric illnesses. Our specialists provide psychotherapy, which is a crucial and integral part of the treatment. Also known as talk therapy, it primarily focuses on providing specialised attention to patients. We offer a personalised and comprehensive approach to patients for a better mental health. Here are some common mental illnesses that are treated in CMRI - 

  • Neurodevelopmental disorders
  • Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders
  • Bipolar disorder and unipolar depression 
  • Depressive disorders
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders
  • Trauma- and stressor-related disorders
  • Dissociative disorders
  • Somatic symptoms and related disorders
  • Eating disorders
  • Elimination disorders
  • Sleep-wake disorders
  • Sexual dysfunctions
  • Gender dysphoria
  • Disruptive, impulse-control and conduct disorders
  • Substance-related and addictive disorders
  • Neurocognitive disorders
  • Personality disorders
  • Paraphilic disorders

Why Choose CMRI for Psychiatric Disorders?

The Calcutta Medical Research Institute (CMRI) is one of the largest multispecialty hospitals in Kolkata. Our hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology which has revolutionised the healthcare industry for the best surgical outcomes. 

In addition, our department of psychiatry has several eminent specialists, doctors and healthcare providers of national and international repute for comprehensive and personalised treatment. CMRI provides patient-centric care and empathy from internationally trained nurses to ensure holistic care for patients seeking treatment for common psychiatric disorders in Kolkata. Here are a few advantages of choosing CMRI for psychiatric disorders - 

  • Highly qualified and experienced psychiatrists
  • 440-bed capacity along with cutting-edge technology and the latest medical equipment
  • Hygienic and patient-friendly infrastructure
  • Screening and diagnosis
  • Transparent Pricing Structure for cost-effective treatment
  • Patient-centric high-quality care for a high success rate
  • Pain management and palliative care
  • Complete and coordinated care for patients with all types of cancers.

Recovering After Psychiatric Treatments:

Coping with mental disorders can be challenging. However, talking to a doctor or therapist can improve your condition and prevent worsening of symptoms. Consider these tips to improve your condition along with the psychiatric treatment - 

  • Get informed about your mental illness - The doctor or therapist can provide information on your mental illness. Certain books, websites, or even classes can help you or your family members know about the condition and the best possible method of treatment. 
  • Join a support group - Connecting with like-minded people who are also suffering from similar mental health issues can instill a feeling of encouragement. Support groups for mental illnesses are available online. 
  • Stay connected with friends and family - No one supports you like your family. Therefore, you can participate in social activities, get-togethers, family gatherings, etc. to create a feeling of belonging and love around each other. 
  • Keeping track of your condition - One of the most important things after the treatment is keeping a track of your condition. As the condition improves, the individuals may have a sense of accomplishment which can encourage them further.

FAQs

What Is the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist?

A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who is trained in diagnosing and prescribing medications and other medical treatments. On the other hand, psychologists specialise in various types of therapies such as CBT, Dialectical Behaviour Therapy, etc. but cannot give you a diagnosis.

What is Psychotherapy?

Psychotherapy or also known as talk therapy involves discussing your condition or mental issues with a healthcare professional. 

How are mental illnesses diagnosed?

To determine the type of mental illness, the psychiatrist may recommend the following - 

  • Psychological evaluation
  • Physical exam
  • Lab tests

How does mental illness affect our life?

Prolonged mental illness can cause long-term disorders and impact the quality of life. Complications related to mental illness are mostly psychological and can either impact our behaviour or the people around us - 

  • Unhappiness and decreased enjoyment of life
  • Family conflicts
  • Problems with tobacco, alcohol and other drugs
  • Legal and financial problems
  • Poverty and homelessness
  • Relationship difficulties
  • Social isolation
  • Self-harm and harm to others, including suicide or homicide
  • Inability to keep or perform in school or at the work place 

Can I prevent mental illness?

Mental illnesses cannot be prevented. However, there are ways to reduce the impact on our health due to prolonged mental disorders. Here are some measures which can help you cope with mental illness - 

  • Learning healthy coping mechanisms 
  • Pay attention to the warning signs
  • Get regular care
  • Talk to the therapist or psychologist
  • Sufficient sleep
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Practice yoga, meditation, and therapies
  • Quit alcohol and tobacco

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